Vedic Astrology (jyotish) Basic Tables, as used by vedic astrologers (jyotishis) worldwide.

This table: Jyotish Planetary glyphs, sign or rasi ownership, sex, aspects, sanskrit name, and main karakas or significations, all as taught by Parashara Muni in the Brihat Parashara Hora Sastra, the cornerstone classic of vedic or hindu astrology (jyotish). 

The Planets of Jyotish or Vedic Astrology - Table 1
Planet
Glyph
Owns Sex
Aspects
Sanskrit Main Significations
Sun
Leo Male
7
Surya Soul, Self, Power, Esteem, Ambition
Moon
Cancer Female
7
Chandra Emotions, Mind, Health, Purity, Mental Balance, Mother
Mars
Aries, Scorpio Male
4 7 8
Mangal Energy, Drive, Agility, Agression, Accidents
Mercury
Gemini, Virgo Neutral
7
Budha Intellect, Speech, Relating, Communications, Dimplomacy
Jupiter
Sagittarius, Pisces Male
5 7 9
Guru Fortune, Law, God, Wealth, Status, Expansiveness
Venus
Taurus, Libra Female
7
Shukra Desires, Pleasures, artistry, beauty, additions, Sex
Saturn
Capricorn, Aquarius Neutral
3 7 10
Shani Obstacles, seriousness, truthfulness, Sorrows
Rahu
  Female
none
Rahu Karma, eccentricities, disturbances, foreign things
Ketu
  Neutral
none
Ketu Death, spirituality, detachments, outcastes

The planets of Jyotish in Glyph Form Copyright 199 by the Golden Age Trust, All Rights Reserved The planets of Jyotish in Western Glyph Form on colored spheres (copyrighted).

Explanation

The planets in Jyotish do not include the three outer planets used in Western or Tropical Astrology. Some Jyotishis do use the outers due to training they received usually in earlier Tropical Astrological exposure. However, in most Vedic texts they are not mentioned. This includes Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Also, the five major asteroids used in Western Astrology by many, namely Chiron, Pallas, Ceres, Vespa, and Juno, are not used in jyotish or vedic astrology either, unless one brings them, again, from previous tropical exposure, where they are used.

Above is a list of the planets used in Vedic Astrology (Jyotish). You can see the signs or rashis that they own, the sex of each planet as it operates in Jyotish, though the Gods themselves are generally all male deities. You can see which houses from it's position each planet aspects. Then there's the Sanskrit name of each of the grahas or planets, then the main significations that planet rules over, which is also called it's "karakatwa" or "Karakas" which means "astrological significations".

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